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So far Ismail Sangkala has created 47 blog entries.

Module 1.4. Introduction to Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL)

Compiled from by Ismail Sangkala Aims This module aims to familiarise the student with the basics of Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL), beginning with a description of what CALL is all about, its historical development and an overview of different types of programs. Different approaches to using CALL software in the languages classroom are [...]

By |January 2nd, 2017|CALL|0 Comments

Module 1.2: Introduction to computer hardware and software

Compiled from by Ismail Sangkala Aims This module aims to tell the language teacher what he/she needs to know about computer technology. The module explains the jargon and concepts in ways which make sense to the non-specialist, enabling him/her to communicate more effectively with ICT managers and technicians in educational institutions and with software [...]

By |December 31st, 2016|CALL|0 Comments

Use of Technology in Teaching and Learning

Technology ushers in fundamental structural changes that can be integral to achieving significant improvements in productivity. Used to support both teaching and learning, technology infuses classrooms with digital learning tools, such as computers and hand held devices; expands course offerings, experiences, and learning materials; supports learning 24 hours a day, 7 days a week; builds [...]

By |December 31st, 2016|Education News|0 Comments

Why full-day school will not work in Indonesia?

For decades, politicians have been debating over different ideas for education reform for Indonesian education. Muhajir Effendy, recently appointed Education and Culture Minister, for instance, promotes his controversial plan to extend school hours for elementary and junior high school students in order to have better-educated students and less stressful parents. In the time when Indonesia’s [...]

By |December 31st, 2016|Education News|0 Comments

E-mail Activities in the ESL Writing Class

Author & Co-author: Ron Belisle ronb [at] Nishinomiya, Japan Mukogawa Women's University Introduction This article explores the student and teacher benefits of using electronic mail (e-mail) in an ESL writing class. It also explains several e-mail writing activities and sample assignments that have proven useful in a program with first and second year Japanese [...]

By |December 30th, 2016|Articles|0 Comments

Bax’s criticism to Warschauer’s analysis of the development of CALL

Warschauer's Analysis (Kern & Warschauer, 2000; Warschauer, 1996; Warschauer, 2004) (*Note: the three stages have not occurred in a rigid sequence. As each new stage has emerged, previous stages continue.)  Structural / Behavioristic CALL (1960s -1970s) View of Language: Structural (a formal structural system)English Teaching Paradigm: Grammar-Translation & Audio-lingual Principal Use of Computers: Drill and Practice Principal Objective: Accuracy Characteristics: Repeated exposure to the same material is [...]

By |December 30th, 2016|Articles|0 Comments

What is CALL?

Introduction The acronym CALL (Computer Assisted Language Learning) appears to have been coined at the beginning of the 1980s. The first occurrence we have found is in (Davies & Steel 1981). By 1982 it was in widespread use in the UK, featuring in the title of Issue No. 1 (July 1982) of the newsletter CALLBOARD and in Davies & Higgins (1982). In the USA [...]

By |December 30th, 2016|Articles|0 Comments


To know the Attitudes of EFL Secondary School Students towards Learning English Language, we can try to apply or implement this questionnaire for the learners. As below: “To what extent do you agree with the following items? The following items ask about your attitudes toward learning the English language. Remember there is no right or [...]

By |March 31st, 2016|Articles, Language Skills|0 Comments


As attitude is one of the key predominant factors for success in language learning, numerous studies have already been conducted in the field of language attitude (Alhmali, 2007, p. 347-350; Choy, S. C. et. al, 2006). We can say that, attitude is determined by the individual’s beliefs about outcomes or attributes of performing the behavior [...]

By |March 31st, 2016|Articles, Language Skills|0 Comments


Maksud dari tulisan yaitu menjelaskan tentang bagaimana menjaga komunikasi tetap berjalan, belajar mengeksplorasi apa yang anda tahu, lihat kesempatan dalam mempraktekkan bahasamu, mencari tahu bagaimana mendapatkan bentuk-bentuk bahasa itu sendiri, buat dirimu senang dalam mempelajari bahasa itu, kembangkan bahasamu dengan selalu mengucapkannya meski kamu belum paham dengan kosakata, frasa, kalimat tersebut. Kita sangat perlu sesuatu [...]

By |March 31st, 2016|Articles|0 Comments